Nevron Open Vision Documentation
User Interface / UI Themes / Part Based Themes
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    Part Based Themes
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    NOV UI currently provides the following part based themes:

    Applying them application wide is as easy as with any other theme:

    Apply Windows 8 Theme
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    NApplication.ApplyTheme(new NWindows8Theme());
     Image Skins

    Image based themes use stretched images to style the background, borders and other visual aspects of widgets. Images that are used in image based skins are constructed by vertically concatenated state images. The following image illustrates the image used to style the button of a Windows 7 Aero theme:

    figure 1. State images inside a skin image.

    As you can see the image is split vertically into 5 sub images. Each of these sub images represent a given state of the button. A state image is further split into part images that are used as background and border of the widget. The splitting is done by using specified clip margins that define four offsets from the state image rims. The following image illustrates the splitting of a state image to parts images:

    figure 2. State image to parts splitting.

    This splitting of each state image is also known as the nine-patch. When rendering a widget with different size the nine-patch scales in accordance the following rules:

    • corners are displayed unscaled.
    • sides are stretched in the respective dimension - top and bottom sides are stretched only horizontally, while left and right sides are stretched only vertically.
    • background is stretched both horizontally and vertically.

    The image splitting into states and nine-patch parts is performed by the NImageSkin class. Besides the Colors and Fonts maps, defined by the base NUITheme, the NUIPartSkinsTheme also provides the following maps:

    • Skins - is an instance of the NUIThemeSkinMap. Represents a dictionary that contains an instance of the NUIPartSkin class, mapped to a specific widget type (Button, CheckBox etc.).
    • TabSkins - is an instance of the NUIThemeTabSkinMap. Represents a dictionary that contains an instance of the NTabSkin class, mapped to a specific tab location (Left, Top etc.). Note that tab skins are also using image skins internally, it is just that the skins for the different tab location are usually automatically generated from the base tabs image (corresponds to the Top tab location).
     Color Skins

    Instead of using images, you can also use colors to skin a given UI part. The color skin definitions are most commonly placed in the corresponding Init methods of the NUIThemeSkinMap. For example the following code creates the button skin of the Windows 8 theme:

    Window 8 Theme Button Skin
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    NColorSkin skin = new NColorSkin(5);
    skin.Padding = new NMargins(3);
    skin.SetState(Normal, new NColorSkinState(new NColor(172, 172, 172), new NColor(240, 240, 240), new NColor(229, 229, 229)));
    skin.SetState(MouseOver, new NColorSkinState(new NColor(126, 180, 234), new NColor(236, 244, 252), new NColor(220, 236, 252)));
    skin.SetState(Pressed, new NColorSkinState(new NColor(86, 157, 229), new NColor(218, 236, 252), new NColor(196, 224, 252)));
    skin.SetState(Disabled, new NColorSkinState(new NColor(217, 217, 217), new NColor(239, 239, 239)));
    skin.SetState(Focused, new NColorSkinState(new NColor(51, 153, 255), new NColor(240, 240, 240), new NColor(229, 229, 229)));
    Button = skin;
    internal const int Normal = 0;
    internal const int MouseOver = 1;
    internal const int Pressed = 2;
    internal const int Disabled = 3;
    internal const int Focused = 4;
    See Also